An autopsy is a medical examination of a decedent. It consists of two parts: an external examination and an internal examination.
During the external examination, the decedent is first examined as received (including any clothing present), again after removal of clothing, and yet again after being cleaned up. Throughout the examination process, the findings (traumatic injuries, disease states, etc.) are documented. Following the external examination, the decedent is then examined internally. All organs and tissues are examined for the presence of injuries and pre-existing natural diseases.
In the course of an autopsy, samples of various organs, tissues and body fluids are retained for additional studies, if warranted. These studies include toxicology (testing for drugs, etc.), microscopic examination and microbiology (bacterial, viral, or fungal cultures). Other items of evidence may be collected, such as trace evidence, bullets, knife blades, ligatures, hair, fingernail clippings, sexual assault swabs, etc.
Because Kenosha County has a lay-person Medical Examiner, all autopsies are performed at the Milwaukee County Medical Examiner’s Office by a board-certified forensic pathologist.